The Mixed Use Ideas Design Competition has provided Peterborough Village with stunning ideas for the regeneration of the village.
The Design Competition encouraged a mixed use rebuild (integrating commercial and residential activity) that encourages livability, accessibility and permeability, with a sustainable, energy efficient focus and a strong sense of place. Many of these exciting design concepts feature the new Christchurch Repertory Theatre as the key anchor.
WINNERS EVENT – 5:30PM – THURSDAY 18 APRIL – SIR GEORGE SEYMOUR COLLEGE
The competition winners will be announced at a special Peterborough Village event on Thursday 18 April, 5:30pm, hosted at the Sir George Seymour College, 829 Colombo Street (corner of Peterborough Street and Colombo Street).
Here are some examples of the inspiring world-class concepts the competition has generated:
ENTRY # 120 EMBRACING THE HISTORIC WETLAND HABITAT
CMA+U (NZ) Chris Moller, Ben Sutherland, Ellen Hickman, Andrew Mitchener
Structure: Atelier One: Neal Thomas (UK)
Landscape: Studio Engleback: Luke Engleback(UK)
Services: eCubed: Patrick Arnold (NZ)
The historic wetland habitat offers clues for a poetic ecological architecture inspired by harakeke (native flax), the design wraps like twisting seed-pods around a central courtyard garden in two linear east-west buildings lifted slightly above the flood plain. The building vessels (seed-pods) shelter and nurture a diverse mix of habitat and program including residential, retail, commercial and studio units gathered around theatre and cafe spaces.
The project is conceived an extension of the wetland/river eco-system with plant species such as harakeke, raupo, cabbage tree, toitoi, and kowhai along with other complimentary species on the roof-top and walls of the buildings to improve quality of life and habitat of Christchurch’s garden city.
The trace of historical water flows across the site are translated as a route for people to move under and through the block following a similar route – they enter the courtyard from Kilmore st through to the Avon as a natural path while the Cafe and Theatre can be seen as metaphorical rocks in the flow of river and people. These two elements have been shaped as sculptural elements to identify their important role in public life and the natural flow of people to them, eddying around them, on the river.
ENTRY #124 A PUBLIC GREENWAY
Architectus: Designers: Hamish Shaw, Stephen Lammas. Christchurch
Team: Carsten Auer, Claire Hamilton, Mitchell Round. BECA engineers.
The development revives and strengthens historical and ecological ties to its surrounding context. Memory of the underground spring prompts the future direction for building on the site. The public greenway traversing the site provides a gateway for the Peterborough Community.
Through a careful mix of programme and form, the site becomes a hub of activity for a diverse range of people and an invitation for a more inclusive way of living.
ENTRY #125 AUTOTAKI - REMOVING CAR DEPENDENCY
Stuart Taylor, architectural graduate, Wellington.
The death of the suburban village at the hands of the supermarket and (to a larger extent) car dependency in Christchurch provide the impetus for the Autotahi proposal.
Thus, the Autotahi scheme attempts to amalgamate the benefits of supermarkets (scale of economy, efficient infrastructure, increased competition, diversity, centralisation of resources, pedestrian activity) with the advantages of suburban centres (human-scale, community focused, and shared services such as workshops
and night classes)
By mimicking the layout and vertical stacking of the supermarket, and by introducing a collective-styled organisation system (whereby independent businesses share access to resources and central infrastructure) the proposal begins to reduce the economic divide between supermarkets and specialty shops.
In order to reinvigorate the lost suburban centre (and ultimately reduce the need to travel long distances by car) the scheme begins to operate as a facilitator towards the local. By providing the means for residents and urban commuters to grow and create their own produce (horticultural, agricultural, permacultural etc) Autotahi further reduces vehicle dependence in the reduction of environmentally costly foodmiles.
Roof-top nurseries and aquaponic systems provide produce to the ground floor market stores. Seed shops and butchers impart knowledge on growing food and animal husbandary. Capitalising on its location, the proposal aims to provide pedestrian and cycle accessibility for both immediate residents and a larger urban populus and a space where interaction is actively encouraged.
Like the old addage, ‘teach a man to fish’, Autotahi aims to reconnect users with the land and the process of food, rather than the supermarket’s obsession with neatly packaged speed and convenience.
ENTRY # 126 FILTER – BETWEEN URBAN AND NATURAL
Dalman Architecture: Paulina Porebska. Christchurch.
Kirk Roberts Consulting Engineers: Agata Bulska. Christchurch
ENTRY # 127 STRONG BI-CULTURAL AND SUSTAINABLE ELEMENTS
WakaTipua Architecture. Auckland
ENTRY # 129 RE:GENERATION – EARLY SETTLERS AND THE NEW MILLENNIUM
Russell Devlin Architect: Solarchitect Ltd, Christchurch
The driving idea is one of Re-Generating the ingigenous Podocarp Totara forest, of paying respect to the place and of recognising the multi-cultural heritage of the site. The PVTree is bold, sculptural and decidedly Post-Colonial. It is uplifting in its form, reaching to the sky form where (this piece of art, dare we say) generates income to pay for itself…
The PVTree is a concept and can conceivably comer in many forms. Taller or smaller, more branches or less and in the guise presently shown is generating around %kW per tree. Foundation design will be significant and a relevellable plate footing on a deep concrete column is envisaged. The Structual Engineer as part of the team may look to nature for inspiration, if not at first to the heavens…
The PVTree pylon is made from a NZ based company design – Tuakau Timber Treatments ltd have designed just the pole we need, as a tapering structural entity. The timber will need to be selected but the use of Christchurch recycled hardwoods would be a good place to start. The cost of PV technology has plummeted worldwide making this idea possible. Christchutrch based Enasolar would be selected for their world leading Inverter technology.
Early Settlers – laying claims in differing Centuries is part of our story. The claim for a new Millennium has to be a reconciling of differences and a return to differing but traditional values. The site is significant as we are learning, with many of our special places. As a trading and food gatherting place, as a site of significance during the recent earthquakes and as a positive Village element of the City.
ENTRY # 130 NEW ‘URBANISM’ FOR CHRISTCHURCH
Andrew Sexton Architecture: Jesse Matthews, Claire Gesterkamp,
Kevin Ma, Cleon Ferreira, Andrew Sexton. Wellington
A new urban liveliness is proposed for the site which forms a vital edge between the surrounding Peterborough Village and the Avon River Park. A porous development of diverse but complementary uses is planned.
The Christchurch Repertory Theatre is the anchor of this new part of Peterborough Village, providing a vibrant day and night venue for production, film, conference, and community uses. Entry to the theatre is via a dramatic cathedral-like foyer and gallery space, allowing entry from multiple points. This space connects directly to a café/restaurant with a strong connection out to the river park to allow for outdoor dining opportunities and city views. Above the café, the main auditorium acts as a large frame to the performing arts precinct of the city, allowing multiple interpretations, from black box to open air performance, to take place with the city as an active backdrop.
Ground floor retail and market spaces cradle the theatre foyer, gallery, and courtyard.
Transparency is preserved on the ground plane allowing views across the development and facilitating safe pedestrian inhabitation between Kilmore Street and the Avon River Park. Within the public outdoor areas a spring has been uncovered allowing a stream of water from the site to once again flow to the Avon. This is not only rebirth of the stream that once flowed along the same route, but acts as a cooling device for the central space in summer time and provides an outlet for any springs that are discovered during construction.
Circulation canyons have been cut not only by the existing stream, but also by anticipated pedestrian desire lines between Kilmore Street and the Edmonds Rotunda. The large size of a typical Christchurch block prevents easy pedestrian circulation through the city, and more permeability is required where possible. Therefore, pedestrian links have been proposed to extend beyond the Rotunda, and over a new pedestrian bridge linking directly to New Regent Street, bringing crowds of people from the centre of the CBD into the heart of the new development.
At the centre of the development is the courtyard. Recalling a small village square, this becomes not only the breakout point from the surrounding theatre and offices but along with the canyons paths which have been cut through the development allows the penetration of daylight while being sheltered from the easterly winds. Weekend markets can be held here and will be supported by the adjacent retail spaces.
The two large buildings bookending the development provide large floor plates for office and studio development, whereas the three smaller buildings offer apartment living on their upper floors and open, transparent and highly flexible retail or exhibition space on the ground. These small apartment buildings have only one or two apartment houses per floor, allowing levels of sunlight and openness generally only associated with suburban housing, thus appealing to a larger variety of people.
Buildings and paths have been carefully aligned to be within individual property boundaries allowing staged development and mixed ownership, whilst retaining a feeling of a cohesive and non-rectilinear whole. The structural system proposed for all the buildings utilises a post-tensioned self-centring timber moment resisting frame with double LVL beams and constant diameter hollow timber posts. The circular connection details and offset longitudinal and transverse beams allow the frames to work in both directions and enable non-rectilinear structures with clean and simple architectural details to be easily constructed. This structure sits atop either a post-on-raft or pile foundation raised to first floor level to allow inspection and levelling of the building following any subsequent seismic events.
The proposed development seeks to offer an example of a new way of construction and a new kind of urbanism for Christchurch.
ENTRY # 131 ARK IN THE PARK
Jianxiang (Mickey) Ma, LinBing (Fatina) Chen, Matthew Ryu, Ziyi (Bill) Liu.
School of Architecture and Planning, University of Auckland
ENTRY # 132 MIX IT UP… AND DOWN… AND SIDEWAYS
Continuum Architecture: Richard Sellars & Lyn Russell. Nelson
Ken Robinson Architects: Ken Robinson. Nelson
ENTRY # 133 LIVING BUILDING CHALLENGE
Marlborough Forest Industry Association: Michael Cambridge. Blenheim.
Tuakau Timber: John Reelick; Glenroy Housing: Phillip Vile; Land Arch Ltd: Daniel Rivers
Peterborough Village – Aim to be the 2nd New Zealand building to meet the “Living Building Challenge” and the first one in a New Zealand city.
Main building features: 23 ways to make the dream come true:
1. 4,000 square metre building platform, 4 metres above ground to allow for several centuries of flood and rising sea levels. Foundations can be strengthened later to increase building height as the trees in the North Frame grow.
2. Minimal ground disturbance with hollow pile foundations. Ground covered by lime chips which are a natural fertilizer.
3. Provide North-Eastern Gateway to city centre under theatre with raked theatre floor at 28 degrees (winter sun angle) making impressive entrance arcade from Kilmore Street.
4. 400mm diameter poles for sloping arcade roof. Poles feature maori and city pioneer carvings.
5. Bring the forest and nature back to Christchurch. Arcade has tree house café and container displays of high value natural products grown in productive South Island regions.
6. Remaining 3000 sq m of ground floor used for car parking and containers for retail and storage.
7. Cycling hub with secure bike storage and hire to allow residents and tourists to easily change modes between walking, cycling, public transport and driving. Bus routes planned for Manchester and Kilmore Streets making the North Eastern Gateway an important city
8. 5520 sq m on upper 3 levels for apartments and commercial.
9. Space for up to 60 apartments averaging 90 sq m, all with full winter sun and view of river/courtyard. Flexible apartment sizes from one to four rooms.
10. 2820 sq m on upper floors and roofs for residents shared use. Include swimming pool, gym, adventure playground, barbeque area, and several quiet seating and viewing areas.
11. Raised bed vegetable gardens for residents in sheltered courtyard and on roof gardens. Weekly farmers market in arcade to provide more local produce.
12. Theatre roof has river and green space viewing platform around theatre fly tower, with café tables surrounded by maori pa style fence.
13. Use innovative pole building system to minimize processing waste and maximise carbon storage. 90% of building structure sourced from 3 hectares of 30 year old high density pine forest. The carbon stored by this wood far outweighs the emissions from the limited use of
concrete and steel. The forest is replanted for another Living Building in 30 years time. (see carbon storage)
14. The building will be carbon neutral for hundreds of years thanks to carbon stored in the wood, wood chip boiler providing the heat, and renewable electricity providing remaining energy.
15. Apartment bedrooms lined with prefabricated pine heartwood panels to reduce stress and heart rates, like the zirbe rooms in the Austrian Alps.
16. Prefabricated in Marlborough, Nelson and Tuakau for high speed on site construction.
17. Treetop walkway across Avon to New Regent Street to provide easy access to central city. Walkway and pole supports all made of wood to fit in with surrounding North Frame.
18. Use triple glazed all wood windows and doors from Energate who were part of 2 solar decathlon winning teams. This will help provide very high levels of thermal and sound insulation.
19. Cross laminated timber trap doors provides access to theatre for containers and pre-built stage settings. Displays of high value products grown on the South Island’s land, sea and forests can be shown to selected audiences in the theatre.
20. Fly tower allows fast change of theatre scenery to maximise theatre use.
21. Wood interiors provide great acoustics for theatre, making it suitable for a wide range of uses.
22. Use www.airbnb.com to keep spare apartments filled with interesting people. This gives more people the opportunity to stay in a Living Building.
23. The arcade, theatre, treetop walkway and the building will attract large numbers of New Zealand and overseas tourists.
ENTRY # 134 BEAUTIFUL MIXED USE VILLAGE
Andrew Barrie Laboratory
Design team: Andrew Barrie, Melanie Pau, Samuel Wood, Muse Tongthamchart , Seungjoo Samuel Ryu, Yusef Patel. Auckland
This project employs STIC’s post-tensioned multi-story timber structural system. This is configured as horizontally post-tensioned moment frames in one direction for lateral restraint and vertically post-tensionedshear walls in the other direction. The columns and beams are sized at 600 x 300mm, with 400mm floor joists, plywood top and 75mm concrete topping.
The column grid has been set at 8m spans longitudinally, allowing for very efficient arrangement of the parking grid in the basement floor. The column placement is flexible in the latitudinal direction. To maximize the potential for prefabrication and efficient construction, the primary structural elements have been restricted to a small set of sizes – beams at 6m, 9m, and 12m lengths; joists of 8m length, columns of 10.5m, 14m and 17.5m. A robust plywood exterior clad in a timber rain screen makes use of the flexibility of timber slats to create a dynamic curved exterior without undue cost.
The image of the evolving meanders of a river has been used to create the image of a landscape laid down in successive stages over a long period of time. Each layer represents a stage in the history of the landscape from pre-historic time, pre-colonial Maori occupation, the colonial Garden City, to the overgrown greenery of the earthquake period.
The site has been arranged with retail spaces along the street at ground level. Above these are four-story blocks containing office space and apartments. In the park-oriented zone back from the street, commercial spaces (offices, gym, food service) have been placed at ground level around landscaped courtyards/lanes. Also accessed from these courtyards are residential units, each with dual frontages and a roof gardens.
The theatre has been configured with a dual frontage – a box office and drop off area on the street side and a café second entrance to the park. These entrances are linked by a flowing foyer-gallery space. The park approach to the foyer has been configured as a terraced stand to allow use both for outdoor performances and as an informal relaxing spot with views of the park.
ENTRY # 135
Nathan A Hayes, BA & Tom Owen, MArch (prof). Auckland
ENTRY # 139 BALANCE
ENTRY # 141 TIMBER FRAME MODULAR UNITS